Heat treatment of bearing parts is easy to produce is a big problem

Announcer: Yicheng Machinery  TIME:2019-04-23

The quality of the heat treatment is directly related to the subsequent processing quality, which ultimately affects the performance and life of the parts. At the same time, the heat treatment is a major energy consumer and a major polluter in the machinery industry. The quality control of heat treatment of bearing parts is more stringent throughout the machinery industry.
The following is a brief summary of the common quality defects of bearing parts after heat treatment:
Overheat
Overheating of the microstructure after quenching can be observed from the rough mouth of the bearing part.
However, to determine the degree of overheating, it is necessary to observe the microstructure. If coarse needle-shaped martensite appears in the quenched structure of GCr15 steel, it is quenched and superheated. The formation may be caused by excessive overheating of the quenching heating temperature or excessive heating and holding time; or it may be due to the serious banding of the original structure, forming a local martensite needle-like coarseness in the low carbon zone between the two zones. Local overheating caused. The retained austenite increases in the superheated structure, and the dimensional stability decreases. Due to the overheating of the quenched structure, the coarse crystal of the steel causes the toughness of the part to decrease, the impact resistance is lowered, and the life of the bearing is also lowered. Excessive heat can even cause quenching cracks.
2. Underheat
If the quenching temperature is low or the cooling is poor, the tortite structure exceeding the standard is formed in the microstructure, which is called the underheated structure, which lowers the hardness and sharply reduces the wear resistance, which affects the bearing life.
3. Quenching crack
The crack formed by the internal stress of the bearing part during the quenching and cooling process is called quenching crack. The causes of such cracks are: due to excessive heating temperature of quenching or too rapid cooling, the microstructure stress when the thermal stress and metal mass volume change is greater than the fracture strength of the steel; the original defects of the working surface (such as surface micro cracks or scratches) Trace) or steel internal defects (such as slag inclusions, severe non-metallic inclusions, white spots, shrinkage residuals, etc.) form stress concentration during quenching; severe surface decarburization and carbide segregation; insufficient tempering after quenching of parts Or not tempered in time; the cold punching stress caused by the previous process is too large, forging and folding, deep turning tool marks, sharp edges and corners of the oil groove. In short, the cause of quenching crack may be one or more of the above factors, and the existence of internal stress is the main reason for the formation of quenching cracks. The quenching crack is deep and slender, the fracture is straight, and the fractured surface has no oxidation color. It is often a longitudinal straight crack or annular crack on the bearing ring; the shape on the bearing steel ball is S-shaped, T-shaped or ring-shaped. The microstructure of the quenching crack is that there is no decarburization on both sides of the crack, and the difference is obvious with forging cracks and material cracks.


Sheyang Yicheng Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.©all rights reservedICP license:苏ICP备19019147号-1           Technical Support:Ceall